City tour La Chaux-de-Fonds
The capital of the watchmaking industry and the birthplace of Le Corbusier.
Situated at an altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level, built as regularly as a chessboard, this city is marked by its unique watchmaking industry and tradition which is listed as UNESCO World Heritage site. If you climb up to the Espacité Tower or participate in a guided tour, you can appreciate this special chessboard design even better. It is well worth a visit, for fans of watches as much as for aficionados of architecture. La Chaux-de-Fonds surprises with its unique cityscape and is the birthplace of «Le Corbusier», an icon of architecture whose work has featured on the prestigious UNESCO list since 2016.
Tip 1: Scavenger hunt – Les Barons
Scavenger hunt in the watchmakers’ town and its museums .
On the trail of your watchmaking ancestor who had his watch stolen... Will you be able to find the culprit and retrieve the watch which marked your family history? Enjoy this special adventure in the museums of La Chaux-de-Fonds and at typical sites of the watchmakers’ town.
|Duration||about 2 hours|
|Language||french and german|
|Number of participants||1-6 participants|
|Starting point||The scavenger hunt is done individually and with the help of a set of cards/booklet|
Tip 2: Architecture and cityscape
Following a fire in 1794, the city was rebuilt in a chessboard pattern. The apartments and workshops were closely connected in those days, and the large windows of the manufactories attest to the key importance of daylight to the work done at the workbenches.
The cityscape is defined by watch-production sites, simple apartment blocks of at least three storeys for the “ouvriers” (workers), Art Nouveau villas for the “patrons” (bosses), and also traces of the architect Le Corbusier. Thanks to the unique symbiosis of urbanism and the watch industry, the city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2009.
- Urban planning based around the watch industry At the “Espace de l'urbanisme horloger” centre, the former auction hall, a dedicated multimedia showroom has been installed that demonstrates how the city’s urban planning is based around the watch industry.
- International Watch Museum A fascinating journey through time
- Espacité Tower The 60-metre-tall Espacité Tower offers the best view of the city’s chessboard pattern.
- La Maison blanche from Le Corbusier Built for his parents in 1912, this was Le Corbusier's first project as a freelance architect. The house was decidedly avant-garde for its time – a work from the architect's youth that sheds much light on his later designs.
- L’Ancien Manège – a unique residential building Behind an unassuming façade lies a splendid courtyard with frescoes, friezes and little fountains dating from the 19th century. The L’Ancien Manège, a former riding hall and now a residential building arranged around the richly decorated courtyard, today contains a restaurant on the ground floor.
How to get there
Travel comfortably by train to La Chaux de Fonds.